Do Pregnant Cats Pee Out Of The Litter Box?

Cats are beloved pets for many families, but what happens when your furry friend becomes pregnant? As a responsible pet owner, you want to ensure that your cat stays healthy and happy throughout the pregnancy. Unfortunately, cats can be creatures of habit, and maintaining their litter box routine can become a challenge during this period. This raises the question: do pregnant cats pee out of the litter box?

As an expert in feline behavior, I’ve had the pleasure of working with various cat species at different stages of life, including pregnant cats. In this blog post, I’ll explore why pregnant cats may avoid their litter box and provide practical steps to manage the situation. Along the way, I’ll also debunk some myths and clarify any misconceptions surrounding this topic.

Perhaps you’re worried about whether your pregnant cat’s urine poses a health hazard to you or your family. Alternatively, you may be wondering if there are any changes you need to make to your home environment to accommodate your expectant cat. Whatever is troubling you about your pregnant cat’s behavior, keep reading for answers to these questions and more.

What Causes Pregnant Cats to Urinate Outside of the Litter Box?

This behavior can be attributed to various reasons, and it is essential to identify the underlying cause to address the issue effectively.

Firstly, stress or anxiety can be a primary reason for pregnant cats to avoid using the litter box. Pregnancy can be a stressful time for cats as their hormones fluctuate, and their bodies undergo significant changes. Any changes in the household or exposure to loud noises or unfamiliar surroundings can cause them to feel anxious and stressed, leading to inappropriate elimination. Therefore, it is crucial to provide a calm and comfortable environment for your pregnant cat.

Secondly, medical issues such as urinary tract infections (UTIs) and other conditions can cause discomfort and pain when urinating, leading cats to avoid the litter box altogether. Thus, it is essential to have your vet examine your pregnant cat regularly to rule out any underlying medical conditions.

Do Pregnant Cats Pee Out Of The Litter Box-2

Moreover, as the pregnancy progresses, pregnant cats may also find using the litter box uncomfortable. Climbing in and out of the box or maintaining balance while using it can become challenging for them. Providing a larger litter box with lower sides or a ramp for easier access can help alleviate this issue.

Lastly, territorial issues may also cause pregnant cats to avoid using the litter box. If there are multiple cats in the household, pregnant cats may feel threatened by others and avoid using the same litter box. Providing separate litter boxes for each cat can help alleviate this issue and ensure that they feel safe.

How Can I Tell if My Cat is Pregnant?

From behavioral changes to physical symptoms, these indicators can help you determine if your cat is expecting.

One of the most apparent signs of pregnancy is a swollen belly. As the pregnancy progresses, your cat’s belly will begin to enlarge and become more noticeable. However, it’s crucial to keep in mind that a cat’s belly can also enlarge due to weight gain or health issues. That’s why you should pay attention to other signs as well.

Behavioral changes can also be a sign of pregnancy in cats. Pregnant cats may become more affectionate, vocal, or have changes in appetite. However, these behaviors can also be indicative of other health issues. Therefore, it’s always best to consult with your vet if you notice any significant changes in your cat’s behavior.

Physical changes can also be a sign of pregnancy in cats. A pregnant cat’s nipples will often become enlarged and change color to pink. You may also notice a clear discharge from your cat’s nipples as the pregnancy progresses.

If you suspect that your cat may be pregnant, it’s crucial to take her to the veterinarian for confirmation. Your vet will perform a physical exam and possibly an ultrasound to determine if your cat is indeed pregnant. They’ll also provide guidance on proper care and nutrition for your pregnant cat.

Here are some additional tips:

  • Pregnant cats may avoid using the litter box due to stress or discomfort, so make sure to address any underlying causes.
  • Ensure that your pregnant cat receives proper nutrition by feeding her high-quality food.
  • Make sure to provide your pregnant cat with a comfortable and quiet space to rest.

What Are the Signs That My Cat May Be Experiencing a Urinary Tract Infection or Bladder Issues?

These conditions are prevalent in cats, particularly during pregnancy, and can lead to serious health problems if left untreated. So, what are the signs to look out for?

The first indication of a UTI or bladder problem is frequent urination. If you observe your cat visiting the litter box more frequently than usual or straining to urinate, it could be a sign of trouble. A trip to the veterinarian is essential to rule out any underlying issues.

Another warning sign is blood in your cat’s urine. This can indicate an infection or inflammation in their urinary tract and should be taken seriously. If you notice any changes in your cat’s behavior during urination, such as vocalizing or restlessness, it’s crucial to seek veterinary care immediately.

Your cat may also display signs of pain or discomfort while urinating, such as excessive licking of the genital area, which can indicate an issue with their urinary system. Your cat may start having urinary accidents outside of the litter box, which is also an indication that there’s something wrong. Lethargy can be another sign that something isn’t right.

If you notice any of these symptoms in your pregnant cat, it’s essential to schedule an appointment with your veterinarian right away. Early detection and treatment are critical when it comes to UTIs and bladder issues in cats.

How Can I Prevent My Pregnant Cat from Urinating Outside of the Litter Box?

While it’s exciting to welcome some adorable little kittens into your home, it’s important to take measures to prevent your pregnant cat from urinating outside of the litter box. Not only is it unsanitary, but it can also be a sign of underlying health issues.

To ensure that your cat uses the litter box consistently throughout her pregnancy, follow these steps:

  • Choose the Right Litter Box: Pregnant cats can be picky about their litter boxes, so choose one that is large enough for your cat to move around in comfortably. Consider a litter box with low sides or a ramp for easy access. Use unscented litter that is easy for your cat to dig in.
  • Find the Right Location: Place the litter box in a quiet and private location away from loud noises or disturbances. This will encourage your cat to feel safe and secure while using the litter box. If you have multiple cats, provide separate litter boxes for each of them.
  • Keep It Clean: Pregnant cats are more susceptible to urinary tract infections, so scoop the litter box daily and replace the litter every week. Use a mild detergent and warm water to clean the litter box thoroughly.
  • Experiment with Different Litter Boxes: Some cats prefer covered litter boxes while others prefer an uncovered one. Try different types of litter boxes to see if there is a preference.
  • Consult with a Veterinarian or Animal Behaviorist: If your pregnant cat continues to urinate outside of the litter box, consult with a veterinarian or animal behaviorist who can provide further insight into why your cat is not using the litter box and offer solutions to prevent this behavior.

Should I Provide a Larger Litter Box for My Pregnant Cat?

Welcoming a new litter of kittens is an exciting time, but it can also be overwhelming, especially if you’re unsure how to properly care for your pregnant cat. One important aspect of cat care during pregnancy is providing the right litter box. Many cat owners wonder if a larger litter box is necessary, and as an expert in cat care, I can tell you that it is not only beneficial but also necessary for your pregnant cat’s comfort and well-being.

As your cat’s pregnancy progresses, her body naturally grows larger, and she requires more space to move around comfortably. A standard-sized litter box may become too small and cramped for her, making it difficult for her to use it comfortably. Additionally, pregnant cats tend to urinate more frequently due to hormonal changes and added pressure on their bladder. If the litter box is too small, she may have difficulty using it or even avoid using it altogether, which can lead to accidents outside of the box.

Providing a larger litter box for your pregnant cat not only gives her more space to move around but also reduces the likelihood of accidents outside of the box. More room allows your cat to position herself comfortably while preventing her from accidentally stepping in her waste.

When selecting a larger litter box for your pregnant cat, consider choosing one with lower sides or a ramp for easier access. This will be especially helpful as your cat’s pregnancy progresses and she may have difficulty stepping over higher sides.

In addition to a larger litter box, here are some other tips on caring for your pregnant cat’s litter needs:

  • Clean the litter box daily: Pregnant cats are more susceptible to infections, so maintaining a clean litter box is essential for her health.
  • Use unscented litter: Scented litters can be overwhelming for pregnant cats and may discourage them from using the box.
  • Provide multiple litter boxes: If you have multiple cats in your home, provide separate litter boxes to prevent territorial disputes and ensure your pregnant cat has easy access to a litter box.
  • Consider a litter box with a cover: Some cats prefer privacy, and a covered litter box can provide that while also preventing litter from scattering outside of the box.

What Is the Best Type of Litter to Use for a Pregnant Cat?

Choosing the right type of litter is crucial to achieving this goal. Let’s explore some research and discover the best type of litter to use for a pregnant cat.

First and foremost, safety is paramount. Clay-based litters should be avoided as they contain harmful chemicals and dust that could harm the developing fetuses. Instead, natural or organic litters made from corn, wheat, or paper are safe and free from harmful chemicals and dust. Not only are these litters safer, but they are also eco-friendly and biodegradable, perfect for owners who care about the environment.

Comfort is another essential factor to consider. As your cat’s belly grows larger, she may have difficulty climbing in and out of high-sided litter boxes. A low-sided box or one with a cut-out entrance may be more comfortable for her to use, providing easy access without straining or risking injury.

Finally, some pregnant cats may be sensitive to strong scents or perfumes in litter. Choosing an unscented or lightly scented litter may help reduce the risk of causing nausea or discomfort in the mother cat.

Overall, the best type of litter to use for a pregnant cat is one that is safe, comfortable, and easy for her to use. Natural or organic litters are an excellent choice as they are safe and eco-friendly. However, it’s essential to choose a litter that works well for your individual cat’s needs and preferences.

How Often Should I Change the Litter in a Pregnant Cat’s Litter Box?

When it comes to a pregnant cat, extra care and attention are required. It is crucial to ensure the safety and comfort of both the mother cat and her unborn kittens. So, how often should you change the litter in a pregnant cat’s litter box?

First and foremost, let’s discuss daily upkeep. A pregnant cat’s litter box should be cleaned at least once a day, preferably twice a day. Hormonal changes and increased fluid intake cause pregnant cats to urinate more frequently. Regular cleaning prevents the litter box from becoming soiled, which can lead to health issues such as urinary tract infections or constipation.

Now, on to the big question: how often should you completely change the litter in the box? It is recommended to do this every two to three weeks to prevent any buildup of harmful bacteria or odor that may affect both the mother cat and her kittens. Before refilling with fresh litter, it is crucial to thoroughly clean the litter box with hot water and soap.

But that’s not all. Pregnant cats may become more sensitive to certain types of litter or cleaning products. Experts recommend using unscented, low-dust litter and avoiding harsh chemicals when cleaning the litter box. Some pregnant cats may even prefer different types of litter than what they were using before pregnancy.

When Should I Take My Pregnant Cat to See a Veterinarian?

One of the most crucial steps in this process is scheduling regular check-ups with a veterinarian throughout her pregnancy. But when exactly should you take your feline friend to see the vet?

The answer is simple – as soon as possible. Ideally, you should schedule an appointment as soon as you confirm your cat’s pregnancy, which typically occurs around 3-4 weeks after mating. This initial visit is vital for confirming the pregnancy and assessing your cat’s overall health.

Subsequent visits should be scheduled every 2-3 weeks to monitor your cat’s health and the development of her kittens. During these appointments, your vet will perform a thorough physical exam and may recommend additional tests or procedures, such as blood work or ultrasounds, depending on your cat’s individual needs.

It’s important to note that if your pregnant cat displays any unusual symptoms such as vomiting, diarrhea, or difficulty breathing, it’s crucial to bring her to the vet immediately. These symptoms could be indicative of a serious health issue that requires immediate attention.

In summary, regular veterinary care is essential for ensuring the health and well-being of both your pregnant cat and her unborn kittens. By staying vigilant and seeking professional help when needed, you can help ensure a safe and successful pregnancy for your feline friend. So go ahead and make that appointment – your cat will thank you for it.


In conclusion, a pregnant cat’s avoidance of the litter box can stem from a variety of factors, including stress, discomfort, or medical issues. As a responsible pet owner, it is essential to identify the root cause and address it promptly. Creating a serene and comfortable environment for your pregnant cat, selecting the appropriate litter box and location, maintaining cleanliness daily, and consulting with a veterinarian or animal behaviorist can all help prevent inappropriate elimination.

It’s worth noting that pregnant cats are more susceptible to urinary tract infections or bladder issues. Therefore, observing any changes in your cat’s urination behavior such as frequent visits to the litter box or blood in urine could be an indication of trouble. Seeking veterinary care immediately can prevent serious health problems.

When selecting the right type of litter for your pregnant cat, keep in mind her safety and comfort. Natural or organic litters made from corn, wheat, or paper are eco-friendly alternatives that are also safe for your furry friend.

Regular veterinary care throughout your cat’s pregnancy is vital to ensure her health and monitor her kittens’ development. Scheduling regular check-ups every 2-3 weeks with a veterinarian can help detect any potential health issues early on.

By following these tips and taking measures to accommodate your pregnant cat’s needs, you can ensure a safe and successful pregnancy for your beloved feline companion.