How To Tell If A Cat Is Blind?

Cats are truly fascinating creatures, with their agility, sharp senses, and impressive eyesight. Their vision is what allows them to hunt prey, explore their surroundings, and leap with grace. But what happens if your feline friend is not seeing as well as it used to? What if they’re completely blind? It can be heart-wrenching to watch a pet lose its sight, but the good news is that cats can still lead happy lives with a little extra support. The first step in helping a blind cat is identifying whether or not they are indeed blind. But how do you know for sure?

In this blog post, we’ll walk you through the telltale signs that may indicate your cat has lost their vision. From subtle changes in behavior to physical symptoms, we’ll provide you with all the tools you need to recognize feline blindness. We’ll also delve into the many causes of blindness in cats – from diseases and genetics to injuries – so that you can better understand what may have led to your cat’s condition.

But don’t worry; we won’t leave you hanging there. We’ll also cover practical tips on how to adjust your home environment to help your furry friend navigate comfortably. By the end of this post, you’ll have a comprehensive understanding of how to tell if a cat is blind and how best to support them moving forward.

So let’s dive in and explore this topic together.

What Causes Blindness in Cats?

Sometimes our cats may develop health issues that require our attention and care. One such issue is blindness, which can be caused by a variety of factors.

How To Tell If A Cat Is Blind-2

Genetic Predisposition:

One of the most significant causes of blindness in cats is genetic predisposition. Certain breeds, such as Siamese and Himalayan, are more prone to inheritable blindness. If you have a cat of one of these breeds, it’s crucial to keep a close eye on their eyesight and take them to the vet if you notice any signs of vision loss.


Injuries are another common cause of blindness in cats. Trauma to the head or eye due to a fall or car accident can result in vision loss. It’s essential to seek immediate veterinary care if your cat has experienced an injury that could affect their eyesight.


Infections can also lead to blindness in cats. Eye or nervous system infections can cause vision loss if left untreated. Therefore, it’s important to keep your cat’s vaccinations up-to-date and seek veterinary care if you suspect an infection.

Age-related Degeneration:

As cats age, they may develop degenerative conditions such as cataracts or glaucoma that can cause blindness. Therefore, regular check-ups with your veterinarian are essential as your cat gets older.

Toxins, Medications and Nutritional Deficiencies:

Toxins, certain medications, and nutritional deficiencies are other potential causes of blindness in cats. A lack of vitamin A or taurine in a cat’s diet can lead to vision problems. Additionally, some medications used to treat other health conditions can have side effects that affect a cat’s eyesight.

Common Signs of Blindness in Cats

Blindness can be a devastating health condition for cats, caused by a variety of underlying factors, including cataracts, glaucoma, and retinal detachment. However, there are several common signs that pet owners can watch out for to determine if their cat may be experiencing vision loss.

The first sign to look out for is a change in your cat’s behavior. Blind cats tend to become more hesitant and cautious as they navigate their surroundings. They may also become increasingly vocal or clingy as they rely on their owners for help and guidance. A formerly independent cat may now prefer to stay close to their owner or hide away in a familiar spot.

Another common sign of blindness in cats is changes in their eye appearance. A cat’s pupils may remain dilated regardless of the lighting conditions, indicating an inability to respond to changes in light levels. Additionally, a cat’s eyes may appear cloudy or hazy, which can be a sign of cataracts or glaucoma. Your cat’s eyes may also appear red or inflamed due to chronic irritation.

In addition to changes in behavior and eye appearance, cats with vision loss may exhibit changes in their physical coordination. They may bump into objects or stumble while walking, as they struggle to navigate their surroundings. They may also be more prone to accidents, such as falling off furniture or misjudging jumps. You may notice your cat hesitating before jumping or taking longer than usual to climb stairs.

Lastly, some cats with vision loss may exhibit changes in their grooming habits. They may groom themselves less frequently or neglect certain areas of their body as they are no longer able to see them clearly. You may notice matting in your cat’s fur or areas of poor hygiene.

It is important for pet owners to be aware of these common signs of blindness in cats and seek veterinary care if they suspect their cat is experiencing vision loss. With proper diagnosis and treatment, cats with vision loss can still lead happy and fulfilling lives with the help of their loving owners. Your veterinarian may recommend dietary changes, medication, or surgery depending on the underlying cause of your cat’s blindness.

Bumping Into Objects

Watching your beloved cat bump into objects can be a distressing experience. It is one of the most common signs that a cat may be blind. However, not all cats who bump into things are necessarily blind. Some may have impaired vision or other medical conditions that affect their coordination. So, how do you know if your cat is blind?

Observing your cat’s behavior closely is key. Are they hesitant when moving around? Do they frequently bump into objects or miss their intended target when jumping or playing? These are all signs that your cat may have vision problems.

If you suspect your cat is blind, it is important to make some adjustments in your home environment to help them navigate more easily. First and foremost, ensure there are no obstacles in their path and that furniture is arranged in a way that allows them to move around freely. Consider using scent markers to help your cat identify key areas of the home, such as their food bowl or litter box.

Blindness can be a scary and overwhelming experience for cats, and they may become fearful or anxious after losing their sight. As their loving owner, it’s crucial to offer plenty of love and reassurance during this time. With patience and care, blind cats can still lead happy and fulfilling lives.

To ensure your cat’s well-being, it’s essential to consult with a veterinarian if you notice any changes in their behavior or health. They can provide guidance on how to best support your blind cat and ensure that they receive any necessary medical treatment.

In summary, here are some actionable steps you can take as a cat owner:

  • Observe your cat’s behavior closely to determine if there may be an issue with their vision.
  • Make adjustments in your home environment to help your blind cat navigate more easily.
  • Offer plenty of love and reassurance to help them cope with their vision loss.
  • Consult with a veterinarian if you notice any changes in your cat’s behavior or health.

Hesitation and Caution

Well, one of the key indicators is their behavior. Blind cats tend to exhibit hesitation and caution in their movements, which can be seen through several behaviors:

  • Slow and careful movements: Blind cats move slowly and carefully, using their paws to feel their way around. They may take small steps and hesitate before moving forward.
  • Vocalization: Blind cats tend to be more vocal than usual, meowing frequently to determine their surroundings. They may be calling out for help or trying to find their way around.
  • Reluctance to jump: Blind cats may be hesitant to jump up or down from high places, as they cannot accurately judge distances and may injure themselves if they misjudge a jump.
  • Difficulty navigating: Blind cats may struggle with navigating their litter box or finding their food and water bowls. They may bump into objects or walk in circles trying to find their way.

It’s important to note that some cats may display these behaviors even if they are not blind, so it’s crucial to consult with a veterinarian for a proper diagnosis. If your cat is diagnosed with blindness, it’s essential to make adjustments to their environment to ensure their safety and comfort.

Providing your blind cat with a consistent routine is vital, including keeping furniture in the same place and avoiding sudden changes in their surroundings. By observing your cat’s behavior and making adjustments to their environment, you can help them navigate through life with ease despite their blindness.

Dilated Pupils Not Responding to Light

This could be a sign of blindness, and it’s important to understand why and what you can do to help.

Normal cat pupils are known to constrict in bright light and dilate in low light conditions, allowing them to adjust to different lighting environments. However, if your cat’s pupils remain dilated even when exposed to bright light, it could indicate vision problems. These vision problems could be caused by diseases such as glaucoma or cataracts, trauma to the eye, or neurological issues.

It’s crucial to get a proper diagnosis from a veterinarian to determine the underlying cause of your cat’s blindness. One simple test you can perform is shining a bright light into their eyes and observing their pupil response. If their pupils don’t react at all, it’s likely that they’re experiencing vision problems. However, keep in mind that dilated pupils alone don’t necessarily mean that your cat is completely blind. They may still have some degree of vision.

Aside from dilated pupils, other signs that your cat may be blind include bumping into objects, struggling to navigate unfamiliar environments, and changes in behavior such as increased vocalization or aggression. To help your cat live a comfortable life despite their blindness, it’s crucial to provide them with a safe and consistent environment free from hazards.

Cloudy/Hazy Eyes

If you’ve observed your cat exhibiting signs such as bumping into objects or avoiding obstacles they once navigated with ease, cloudy or hazy eyes could be the culprit. As an expert on this topic, let me take you through the causes and implications of cloudy or hazy eyes in cats.

Cloudy or hazy eyes can be a sign of blindness in cats, caused by various factors such as cataracts, glaucoma, corneal ulcers, and infections. Unfortunately, some of these conditions cannot be cured and may lead to permanent blindness.

Cataracts, for instance, cause the lens of the eye to become cloudy, eventually leading to vision loss. Glaucoma develops when there is increased pressure in the eye, damaging the optic nerve and causing blindness. Corneal ulcers can affect the clear protective layer over the eye, leading to inflammation and opacity. Infections such as feline herpesvirus can cause ulcers and scarring on the cornea, leading to vision impairment.

To determine if your cat’s eyes are cloudy or hazy, you should observe them closely. Look out for gray or cloudy pupils instead of clear and black ones – this can indicate that your cat is experiencing vision problems. Additionally, shining a light into your cat’s eyes and noticing a hazy or dim reflection can also be a sign of blindness.

If you suspect that your cat may be blind due to cloudy or hazy eyes, it is essential to seek veterinary care as soon as possible. Your veterinarian can perform an eye exam and determine the underlying cause of the issue. They can also provide guidance on how to best care for your blind cat and ensure that they maintain a good quality of life.

Adapting to Blindness

However, blindness can be a daunting challenge for cats, just as it is for humans. But with a little bit of help and guidance from their owners, cats can adjust to this new normal and continue to live happy, healthy lives.

The first indication of blindness in cats is often a change in behavior. Blind cats may become more hesitant or fearful, bump into objects or walls, and become less active or playful. They may also meow more frequently or become more vocal in general. As an owner, it’s important to be patient with your furry friend and understand that these changes are normal.

Creating a safe and secure environment is essential for any blind cat. Owners need to remove potential hazards or obstacles that could cause injury, such as sharp corners or furniture that can be tripped over. Soft surfaces like cushions or beds in a quiet location can also be helpful. Additionally, establishing a consistent routine can help a blind cat navigate their surroundings more easily.

Another useful tip is to provide plenty of auditory and olfactory cues that can help the cats understand their surroundings. For example, toys with sound, leaving familiar objects in the same place and using scents to mark specific areas of the house.

Lastly, remember that your furry friend needs time to adjust and plenty of love and attention during this process. With patience and understanding, cats can adapt well to blindness and continue to live happy and fulfilling lives.

Seeking Veterinary Care for Diagnosis and Treatment Plans

And when it comes to diagnosing and treating blindness in cats, seeking veterinary care is essential. Blindness can be a scary and challenging condition for cats, but with the right diagnosis and treatment plan, your cat can still lead a happy and fulfilling life.

Here’s why seeking veterinary care is so important:

Thorough Examination:

Your veterinarian will perform a complete physical examination, neurological evaluation, and ophthalmic exam to assess your cat’s vision. They will observe your cat’s behavior and movement, test their reflexes and responses to visual stimuli, and evaluate the health of their eyes. This thorough examination will help identify the underlying cause of your cat’s blindness.

Diagnostic Procedures:

Based on the results of the initial examination, your veterinarian may recommend additional diagnostic procedures such as blood tests or imaging studies to identify the underlying cause of your cat’s blindness. These tests will help determine the best treatment plan for your cat’s condition.

Tailored Treatment Plan:

Once the cause of your cat’s blindness is determined, your veterinarian can develop a treatment plan tailored to their needs. Treatment may involve medication or surgery, depending on the underlying condition. In some cases, there may be no cure for your cat’s blindness, but your veterinarian can provide guidance on how to manage their condition and maintain their quality of life.

Quality of Life:

Blindness can be a daunting challenge for cats, but with proper care and management, they can still lead happy and fulfilling lives. Your veterinarian can provide guidance on how to make changes to your home environment to help your cat navigate more easily or provide them with toys and activities that do not rely on vision. It’s important to remember that your furry friend’s quality of life should always be a top priority.


In conclusion, discovering that your feline friend is blind can be a heartbreaking experience. However, with the right care and support, they can still enjoy a happy and fulfilling life. As a responsible cat owner, it’s important to recognize the common signs of blindness in cats, such as changes in behavior, eye appearance, physical coordination, and grooming habits.

To ensure your blind cat’s safety and comfort, creating a secure environment is essential. This involves removing any potential hazards or obstacles that could cause harm and providing plenty of auditory and olfactory cues to help them navigate their surroundings with ease. Establishing a consistent routine can also be beneficial for their well-being.

It’s crucial to seek veterinary care if you suspect your cat is experiencing vision loss. A proper diagnosis will help identify the underlying cause of their blindness and allow for tailored treatment options. Your veterinarian can also provide advice on how to best care for your blind cat while maintaining their quality of life.

During this challenging time, remember to offer your furry friend patience, love, and reassurance.