What Breed Of Cat Has Polydactyl?

Are you a feline fanatic? Have you ever spotted a cat with paws that resemble mittens, complete with extra toes? If so, then congratulations – you’ve just encountered a polydactyl cat. This genetic anomaly causes cats to have more than the usual number of toes on their paws. While most cats have five toes on their front paws and four on their back paws, polydactyl cats can have as many as eight toes on their front paws alone.

But what breed of cat is most likely to sport this curious trait? While some may assume that only certain breeds are prone to polydactyly, the reality is that any cat breed can develop it. However, there are certain breeds that have a higher incidence of this fascinating feature. One such breed is the American Polydactyl. Originally considered its own separate breed, it is now recognized as a variation of the American Shorthair.

Along with the American Polydactyl, other breeds such as the Maine Coon, Siamese, Ragdoll, and British Shorthair can also display extra digits. So if you happen upon an unusual-looking kitty with more than the standard number of toes, don’t be alarmed – it could be anything from a common domestic shorthair to an intriguing polydactyl from one of several predisposed breeds.

The American Polydactyl Cat

The American Polydactyl cat, a breed known for its extra toes and distinctive charm. While not officially recognized as a separate breed by major cat associations, these cats are considered a unique variety of the domestic shorthair and have been around for centuries.

One of the most interesting facts about American Polydactyl cats is their association with the famous writer Ernest Hemingway, who had a love for these felines. Hemingway was gifted a six-toed cat by a ship’s captain and soon fell in love with the breed. Today, many of these cats roam Hemingway’s former home in Key West, Florida, which has been turned into a museum.

Perhaps the most unique characteristic of this breed is their extra toes. While polydactyly can occur in cats of all breeds and types, American Polydactyl cats can have extra toes on both their front and back paws. This sets them apart from other polydactyl breeds that usually only have extra toes on their front paws. These extra toes give them a distinct look, almost like they’re wearing mittens.

Despite not being officially recognized as a breed, American Polydactyl cats come in a variety of colors and patterns just like other domestic shorthairs. They are known to be friendly and affectionate cats that make great family pets. While there is no official breed standard, many breeders maintain certain standards such as maintaining a certain number of toes or physical characteristics.

If you’re interested in owning an American Polydactyl cat, it’s important to remember that not all members of this breed will exhibit polydactyly. It’s also crucial to find reputable breeders and gather information about their health and temperament since this breed is not officially recognized.

Other Breeds Prone to Polydactyly

Then you might be interested to know that polydactyly isn’t just limited to the American Polydactyl breed. There are other breeds out there that are also prone to this unique feature.

Let’s start with the American Bobtail, a breed that originated in the United States. While not all American Bobtails have extra toes, it is more common in this breed than in others and can give them a distinctive look.

If you’re looking for a large cat, then the Maine Coon might be the one for you. These fluffy felines are known for their long coat and their ability to navigate snowy terrain in their native state of Maine. They also can have up to seven toes on each front paw, making them quite unique.

The Norwegian Forest Cat is another breed that’s prone to polydactyly. With a thick and luxurious coat, these cats have been around for hundreds of years and could have had the extra toes bred into the population to help them survive harsh outdoor environments.

Finally, we have the Turkish Van – a breed known for its playful and active nature as well as its unique coat pattern. These cats are prone to having extra toes on both their front and back paws, which could give them an advantage when it comes to climbing and running around.

It’s important to note that while these breeds may be more prone to polydactyly, not all individuals within these breeds will have extra toes. It’s also essential to remember that polydactyly can occur in any breed of cat, making it a possibility even if the breed isn’t traditionally associated with it.

Signs of Polydactylism in Cats

Your cat may just be one of the many lucky ones who have polydactylism – a genetic mutation that causes cats to have extra toes on their paws.

Polydactylism is a common condition that affects many cat breeds, including Maine Coons, American Shorthairs, and Hemingway cats. It can affect one or more paws in cats and can range from having an extra toe or two to having several extra toes on each paw. This unique feature is easy to spot – cats with this condition will have more than the usual number of toes on their paws. The extra toes can appear on the front or back paws, or both.

In some cases, the extra toes may be fully formed and functional, while in other cases they may be small and non-functional. Regardless of their size or functionality, polydactylism is not a harmful condition and does not usually cause any health problems.

While it’s important to keep an eye on your polydactyl cat’s paws and nails, as they may need extra attention and grooming due to the extra toes, many cat owners believe that these unique felines bring good fortune to their homes. If you suspect that your cat may have polydactylism, it’s important to take them to a veterinarian for an examination. The vet will be able to confirm the diagnosis and advise you on any specific care your cat may need due to their extra toes.

Causes of Polydactyly in Cats

If you own a polydactyl cat, you may have already noticed their unique and fascinating trait. As an expert on the subject, let me take you on a journey to discover the causes of polydactyly in cats.

First and foremost, polydactyly is a genetic mutation that causes cats to have extra toes on their paws. It’s an autosomal dominant trait, which means that if one or both parents have the gene for polydactyly, their offspring may inherit the trait. If only one parent has the gene, there’s a 50% chance of inheritance. However, if both parents have the gene, the likelihood increases to 75%.

While polydactyly can occur in any breed of cat, it’s more commonly found in certain breeds such as Maine Coons, American Shorthairs, and Hemingway cats. Among these breeds, Maine Coons are perhaps the most well-known for their extra toes.

It’s worth noting that not all cats belonging to these breeds will express the trait even if both parents have the gene for it. This is because polydactyly is a recessive trait.

What Breed Of Cat Has Polydactyl-2

Extra toes on cats can appear on both front and rear paws. Some cats may even have extra toes on all four paws. While having extra toes might seem like a harmless quirk, it can lead to health problems if not properly managed. For example, extra toes can make it difficult for cats to groom themselves properly, leading to matting and skin infections.

In addition, while some cat owners consider polydactyly as a desirable trait, it’s important to note that breeding specifically for this trait can lead to other health issues. Therefore, responsible breeding practices should be followed.

Benefits of Having a Polydactyl Cat

Look no further than the polydactyl cat, also known as the Hemingway cat. These felines possess an extra set of toes on their paws, making them stand out from the rest. But what are the benefits of owning one of these special cats?

First and foremost, polydactyl cats tend to have larger and wider paws, which provide them with better grip and balance. This makes them agile climbers and jumpers, easily scaling bookshelves and leaping from one piece of furniture to another. It’s like having a personal acrobat in your home.

But it’s not just their physical abilities that make them stand out. The extra toes on their paws also give them a unique and adorable appearance that is sure to turn heads. Plus, owning a rare cat breed like the Hemingway cat can make you feel like a true trendsetter among your fellow cat owners.

But the benefits don’t stop at appearance and agility. Some studies suggest that polydactyl cats may be less prone to certain health issues such as arthritis and joint pain due to the extra support provided by their additional toes. This means that you may have a healthier and happier cat as they age.

Finally, owning a Hemingway cat gives you a connection to history. Polydactyly has been observed in cats for centuries, and some believe that British sailors brought the trait to North America in the 18th century. By welcoming a polydactyl cat into your home, you become part of this fascinating piece of feline history.

How to Care for a Cat with Extra Toes

Polydactyl cats are unique felines that require special care and attention to ensure their extra toes remain healthy and comfortable. Here are five sub-sections to consider when caring for a cat with extra toes:

Regular Checkups and Grooming

Scheduling regular checkups with your veterinarian can help ensure that your cat’s paws are healthy and free of any issues. You should also keep their extra toes clean and well-groomed by gently wiping them with a damp cloth or using a soft-bristled brush to remove any dirt or debris that may accumulate between the toes. Regular brushing and trimming of the fur around the paws can also prevent matting.

Nail Care

Polydactyl cats may be more prone to developing ingrown nails due to the increased number of digits. Therefore, it’s crucial to monitor their nails closely and seek veterinary care if necessary. You should also trim their nails regularly, including the extra toes, to prevent them from becoming overgrown and causing discomfort.

Joint Support

Due to the added pressure on their joints from the extra toes, polydactyl cats may be more susceptible to developing arthritis. Providing them with joint supplements and ensuring they maintain a healthy weight can help alleviate any discomfort.

Appropriate Scratching Surfaces

Polydactyl cats may need larger scratching posts or pads to accommodate their extra toes and prevent them from getting caught or injured while scratching. Providing appropriate scratching surfaces can also help redirect their scratching behavior away from furniture or other household items.

Exercise and Playtime

Encouraging your polydactyl cat to engage in physical activity can help prevent obesity, which can exacerbate joint issues. Providing them with plenty of opportunities for exercise and playtime, such as interactive toys or climbing structures, can also improve their overall health and well-being.

Common Health Concerns in Polydactyl Cats

Polydactyl cats are a special breed of felines that require extra attention and care. While they are generally healthy and have no more health issues than regular cats, owners should be aware of the common health concerns associated with this unique trait.

One of the most common health concerns in polydactyl cats is arthritis. The extra toes on their paws can cause strain on their joints, leading to inflammation and pain. This can be managed with medication and a proper diet, but it’s important to consult with your veterinarian if you notice any signs of joint discomfort in your furry friend.

Nail trimming is also a challenge for polydactyl cats. With their nails growing in unusual directions, it can be difficult for owners to trim them properly. This can lead to ingrown nails, infections, and other foot-related problems. To prevent these issues, make sure to trim your cat’s nails regularly and seek veterinary assistance if necessary.

Another potential health concern for polydactyl cats is weight gain. While their unique paw structure can provide additional support and balance, allowing them to be more active and agile than regular cats, they still need proper exercise and a balanced diet. Without these things, they may become overweight or obese, which can lead to other health issues such as diabetes, heart disease, and joint problems.

To ensure your polydactyl cat stays healthy, regular visits to the vet are essential. Your vet can monitor your cat’s weight and joint health while providing advice on proper diet and exercise routines. Proper care and attention will help prevent or manage these issues, ensuring your polydactyl cat lives a long and happy life.

Is It Possible to Prevent Polydactyly?

While polydactyly may seem like a fascinating feature, it can also lead to health problems for cats. As a cat expert, I’m often asked whether it’s possible to prevent polydactyly in feline companions. Unfortunately, the answer is no. Polydactyly is a genetic mutation that happens naturally and is caused by a dominant gene passed down from one or both parents to their offspring.

But don’t worry, there are measures you can take to ensure the health and well-being of your polydactyl cat. Regular visits to the veterinarian can help catch any potential health problems early on, while proper care such as regular nail trimming and cleaning can prevent infections and other issues related to extra toes.

It’s also essential to research your cat’s breed, as certain breeds are more prone to polydactyly than others. For example, the Maine Coon breed is known for having a high prevalence of polydactyly. Understanding your cat’s breed history and characteristics can provide insight into their unique needs and enable you to care for them properly.


In summary, polydactyly is a captivating genetic quirk that results in cats having more toes on their paws than the average feline. Although this trait can occur in any breed of cat, some breeds are more susceptible to it than others. The American Polydactyl, Maine Coon, Siamese, Ragdoll, and British Shorthair are examples of breeds that often display polydactyly.

The American Polydactyl cat is a one-of-a-kind and delightful breed with an association to the renowned writer Ernest Hemingway. Other breeds like the American Bobtail, Norwegian Forest Cat, and Turkish Van also exhibit polydactyly.

Taking care of a polydactyl cat requires special attention to their paws and nails. Regular visits to the vet, grooming sessions, nail trimming, joint support, appropriate scratching surfaces, exercise routines and playtime are all crucial components of caring for these extraordinary creatures.

Although it’s impossible to prevent polydactyly since it’s a genetic mutation caused by dominant genes passed down from parents to offspring, responsible breeding practices should be adhered to in order to avoid health problems associated with extra toes.