What Cats Eat Facts?

Are you a devoted cat parent who always puts your feline friend’s health first? Or perhaps you’re just a curious cat enthusiast eager to learn more about what these adorable creatures munch on. Either way, get ready to sink your claws into some fascinating facts about what cats eat.

Did you know that unlike humans, cats are obligate carnivores? That means they must consume meat to survive and thrive. In this blog post, we’ll explore the ins and outs of a cat’s diet and uncover what constitutes a well-balanced meal for our furry friends. From their love of seafood to their disdain for certain foods, we’ll leave no kibble unturned.

We’ll also delve into the importance of wet food in a cat’s diet and debunk some common myths about what they should or shouldn’t eat. By the end of this post, you’ll be an expert on what cats eat and how to ensure that your kitty is getting all the necessary nutrients.

So whether you’re considering changing up your cat’s diet or just want to impress your pals with some new knowledge, keep reading. We guarantee you’ll be purring with satisfaction by the time we’re done.

Cats as Obligate Carnivores

Cats are fascinating creatures, and as obligate carnivores, they require a diet that is rich in animal proteins to survive. Unlike many other animals, cats cannot subsist on a vegetarian or plant-based diet because their bodies are uniquely designed to obtain nutrients from meat. The reason for this is because of their short digestive system, which makes it challenging for them to digest plant matter.

To maintain optimal health, cats require a high protein diet that consists of essential amino acids like taurine and arginine. These amino acids are only found in animal proteins and are essential for maintaining healthy muscles, organs, and tissue repair. Without these vital amino acids, cats can suffer from severe health problems like heart disease, blindness, and even death.

However, not all animal proteins are created equal. To thrive, cats need high-quality animal proteins that are easily digestible and contain all the necessary nutrients they need. Therefore, it is crucial to feed your furry companion diets that are specifically formulated for them and avoid sharing human food with them.

When selecting food for your feline friend, look for commercial cat food that is high in protein and contains real meat as the first ingredient. Avoid fillers like corn or wheat and choose food specifically formulated for their age and activity level. Alternatively, homemade diets can be an option but must be balanced to meet all of your cat’s nutritional needs.

It’s important to note that some human foods can be toxic to cats. Therefore, treats should be given in moderation, and healthy options like freeze-dried meat or small pieces of cooked chicken or fish are recommended.

Wild Prey and Domestic Cat Diet

Understanding these differences is important for providing our beloved companions with the best possible nutrition to ensure their health and wellbeing.

Wild cats are obligate carnivores, which means they require a diet primarily consisting of meat to survive. In the wild, they hunt small prey such as birds, rodents, and insects to obtain the essential nutrients and proteins they need to thrive.

Domestic cats, on the other hand, have access to commercial cat food that can provide them with a balanced and nutritious diet. High-quality cat food includes a balance of proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins, and minerals that are necessary for their overall health. Some cat owners opt for homemade or raw diets that mimic the natural prey of wild cats to provide their feline friends with a variety of nutrients and stimulate their natural hunting instincts. However, it is essential to consult with a veterinarian or animal nutritionist before making any significant changes to your cat’s diet.

Providing your cat with a nutritious diet is crucial for their health and wellbeing. Feeding them high-quality cat food or carefully crafted homemade meals that meet all their nutritional needs ensures they remain healthy and happy.

Nutritional Needs of Cats

Cats are fascinating creatures with unique dietary needs. As an expert, I can tell you that providing your feline friend with a balanced diet is essential for their overall health and wellbeing. From proteins to fats, vitamins to minerals – let’s dive into the nutritional requirements of cats.

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Proteins are the most critical nutrient for cats. These obligate carnivores require a high amount of animal-based proteins to maintain their muscle mass and overall health. Commercial cat food brands that use animal-based proteins are the best choice for your furry friend. However, it’s important to read labels and choose high-quality brands.

Apart from proteins, cats also need fats in their diet for energy and to maintain healthy skin and coat. But not all fats are created equal. Cats cannot metabolize some types of fats, such as vegetable oils, so it’s crucial to provide them with animal-based fats instead.

In addition to proteins and fats, cats need certain vitamins and minerals in their diet. For example, vitamin A is essential for maintaining good vision, while taurine is necessary for proper heart function and to prevent blindness.

Commercial cat food brands often offer complete and balanced nutrition, but it’s always wise to read labels to ensure high-quality ingredients. If you’re considering a homemade diet for your cat, it requires careful planning and consultation with a veterinarian or animal nutritionist to ensure that your cat’s nutritional needs are met.

As a responsible cat owner, you must keep in mind that feeding your cat toxic foods can lead to serious health issues. Foods such as onions, garlic, chocolate, and grapes should be avoided at all costs.

Protein and Fat Requirements

Cats are obligate carnivores, which means they require a diet that is high in protein and fat to maintain optimal health.

Protein is the most essential nutrient for cats as it aids in maintaining and building muscle mass, producing enzymes and hormones, and supporting their immune system. The amount of protein a cat needs varies based on their life stage and activity level. Kittens, for instance, require more protein than adult cats because they are still growing and developing. Similarly, active cats need more protein than sedentary cats as they use up more energy.

Fat is another crucial nutrient that provides concentrated energy for cats and helps maintain healthy skin and fur. In addition, certain essential fatty acids found in animal-based sources such as meat, poultry, and fish are vital for brain development and function.

It’s important to note that not all sources of protein and fat are created equal. Cats need animal-based sources of protein and fat, as they are easily digestible and provide better nutritional value than plant-based sources like soy or corn.

Choosing the right cat food is crucial for your furry friend’s well-being. Always check the label to ensure that the first ingredient listed is a high-quality animal-based protein source. Additionally, it’s essential to choose a food that matches your cat’s specific life stage and activity level to ensure that they get the right amount of protein and fat.

Vitamins and Minerals for Cats

Ensuring that they are healthy and happy is a top priority, which is why it’s important to understand the role vitamins and minerals play in their overall wellbeing.

Vitamins and minerals are essential nutrients that cats require to maintain healthy bodily functions. From maintaining strong bones and teeth to supporting a robust immune system, these nutrients are critical to a cat’s health. Some of the most important vitamins for cats include vitamin A, B-complex vitamins, vitamin C, and vitamin E.

Vitamin A is essential for maintaining healthy vision and skin. B-complex vitamins play an important role in energy metabolism, nerve function, and promoting healthy skin and coat. Vitamin C serves as an antioxidant that can help boost the immune system, while vitamin E is necessary for maintaining healthy muscles and skin.

Minerals are equally important for cats, with some of the most crucial ones being calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, potassium, and sodium. Calcium and phosphorus are necessary for building strong bones and teeth, while magnesium is involved in enzyme reactions and maintains normal heart function. Potassium helps regulate fluid balance in the body, while sodium plays a role in regulating blood pressure.

It’s important to note that cats require different amounts of vitamins and minerals compared to humans or other animals. Therefore, feeding them a well-balanced diet that meets their specific nutritional needs is crucial. When choosing cat food, read the label carefully and choose food that is tailored to your cat’s life stage and activity level.

Consulting with your veterinarian before giving your cat any supplements or making significant changes to their diet is also important. Your vet can help you determine whether your cat needs additional vitamins or minerals based on their individual needs.

Choosing the Right Food

Choosing the right food is essential for maintaining their health and ensuring they live a happy life. With so many options available, it can be overwhelming to decide which one to buy. That’s why it’s important to consider your cat’s nutritional needs, age, and health conditions when selecting their diet.

Nutritional Needs

Cats are obligate carnivores, meaning they need meat to survive. When choosing food for your cat, read the label and look for whole meats as the first ingredient. These can include chicken, beef, or fish. Avoid foods that contain fillers such as corn or wheat, as they do not provide any nutritional value for your cat.

Protein and fat are essential components of a cat’s diet, so ensure that the food you choose meets these requirements. Additionally, cats need certain vitamins and minerals to maintain healthy bodily functions. A balanced diet containing these essential vitamins and minerals can help maintain strong bones and teeth, a robust immune system, and overall good health.


Just like humans, cats have different nutritional needs depending on their age. Kittens require a diet that is higher in calories and protein to support their growth and development. Senior cats may benefit from a diet that is lower in calories to help maintain a healthy weight. It’s important to choose food that meets the specific needs of your cat’s life stage.

Health Conditions

If your cat has health conditions such as urinary tract issues, you may need to select a food that helps promote urinary tract health. There are specialized diets available for cats with other medical conditions such as diabetes or kidney disease. Your veterinarian can help you choose the right food for your cat based on their individual health needs.

Feeding Amount

Feeding your cat too much or too little can lead to health problems. Follow the feeding guidelines on the package of food or consult with your veterinarian to determine the appropriate amount to feed your cat. Overfeeding can lead to obesity and other health issues, while underfeeding can result in malnutrition.

Homemade Diets for Cats

Homemade diets have become increasingly popular in recent years, but it’s important to note that they must be carefully planned and executed to ensure your cat is receiving all the necessary nutrients for optimal health. Here’s what you need to know about homemade diets for cats:

  • Consult with a Professional: Before starting a homemade diet, it is crucial to consult with a veterinarian or veterinary nutritionist. They can help you design a recipe that meets your cat’s specific nutritional needs.
  • Balanced Diet: Cats require a balanced diet that includes protein, fat, carbohydrates, vitamins, and minerals. Meat should be the primary ingredient in their diet as they are obligate carnivores. A professional can help you determine the appropriate amounts of each nutrient to include in your cat’s diet.
  • Avoid Toxic Foods: Some human foods are toxic to cats and should never be included in their diet. These include onions, garlic, grapes, raisins, chocolate, caffeine, and alcohol. A professional can help you identify these foods and make sure they’re not included in your cat’s meals.
  • Food Safety: Proper food safety practices are essential when preparing homemade diets for cats. This includes washing hands and utensils before handling food, storing food properly to prevent spoilage and contamination, and feeding fresh food within a reasonable amount of time.
  • High-Quality Ingredients: When preparing a homemade diet for your cat, it’s important to use high-quality ingredients. This ensures that your cat is not only getting the right nutrients but also enjoying their meals.

Human Foods that are Toxic to Cats

When it comes to human foods, not all are safe for cats to consume. In fact, some common foods can be toxic and even fatal to our furry companions.

Chocolate is one of the most dangerous foods for cats. Although it may be a sweet treat for us, it contains a compound called theobromine, which can cause severe issues in cats such as vomiting, diarrhea, seizures, and even death. Therefore, it’s best to keep chocolate away from your furry friend at all times.

Onions and garlic are also popular human foods that should never be given to cats. These foods contain compounds that can damage a cat’s red blood cells leading to anemia. Other foods that should be avoided include grapes and raisins which can cause kidney failure; avocado which can cause vomiting and diarrhea; and alcohol which can be fatal even in small amounts.

It’s important to keep these toxic foods out of reach of your cat, and if you suspect that your cat has ingested any of these foods, contact your veterinarian immediately.

Apart from these toxic foods, there are also many human foods that are simply not healthy for cats. For instance, many cats are lactose intolerant and cannot digest dairy products properly. Similarly, fatty or spicy foods can cause digestive upset and obesity in cats.

To ensure optimal health for your cat, it’s best to stick to a balanced diet of high-quality commercial cat food. Before treating your cat with any human food, make sure to check with your veterinarian first to ensure that it is safe and healthy for your cat to eat.


To sum up, comprehending what cats eat is vital for their overall health and well-being. As obligate carnivores, felines require a diet rich in animal-based protein to maintain optimal health. Although commercial cat food brands offer complete and balanced nutrition, it’s imperative to scrutinize the labels and opt for high-quality brands that contain real meat as the primary ingredient.

Aside from proteins, fats are also crucial in a cat’s diet as they provide energy and maintain healthy skin and coat. Certain essential fatty acids found in animal-based sources like meat, poultry, and fish are fundamental for brain development and function.

Moreover, vitamins and minerals play an integral role in maintaining healthy bodily functions in cats. These nutrients support strong bones and teeth while boosting the immune system.

Selecting the right food is vital to ensure your cat stays healthy and happy throughout its life. When choosing their diet, it’s essential to consider their nutritional requirements, age, and health conditions. Although homemade diets have gained popularity lately, they must be carefully planned with consultation from a veterinarian or veterinary nutritionist.

Lastly, some human foods can be toxic to cats such as chocolate, onions, garlic grapes raisins avocado alcohol. Therefore it’s best to keep these toxic foods out of reach of your cat at all times.